The traditional New Year painting ( Nian Hua) in Luo Yang takes people as the theme. Those materials come from fables, historical events and folktales that people like to see and hear. It reflects people’s different supplications and pursuits. The composition of the New Year painting ( Nian Hua) is not confined to the figural element of the academism. The composition emphasizes balance, symmetry, harmony. The composition also absorbs in theatrical makeup and clothing of traditional opera. Red, yellow green, purple, white and black are the main color of the New Year painting. In order to manifest the characteristics of people, the painting mostly uses woodcarving watermark, which is loved by people and make New Year painting ( Nian Hua) full of article vitality.
Key words: Luo Yang；Traditional New Year painting ( Nian Hua)；Art